banish


banish
banish, exile, expatriate, ostracize, deport, transport, extradite are comparable when denoting to remove by authority or force from a country, state, or sovereignty. To banish is to compel one, usually by public edict or sentence, to leave a country or section, although not necessarily one's own, either permanently or for a fixed time and with or without restriction to a given place
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banish an enemy of the King

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the Newtonian scheme of the universe does not banish God from the universe— Times Lit. Sup.

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To exile is to banish or cause to depart under constraint from one's own country; it may connote either expulsion by formal sentence or decree or the compulsion of circumstances and an enforced absence or sometimes a prolonged voluntary absence; thus, Russians and foreigners alike may be banished from Russia, but only Russians can be exiled to Siberia; Dante was banished from his native Florence because of political troubles, but he exiled himself for the rest of his life as a protest against conditions there.
Expatriate differs from exile sometimes in its implication of loss of citizenship in one's own country
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expatriate Jews from Germany

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but oftener in its implication of voluntary exile or naturalization in another country
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Henry James expatriated himself from the United States

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Exile often suggests a possibility of return with full rights to one's own country; expatriate, however, may imply the exclusion of that possibility. In historical context ostracize denotes a temporary banishment by popular vote from one of the cities of ancient Greece; the term is used more commonly in an extended sense which implies not expatriation, but a forced exclusion by common consent, from recognition or acceptance by society
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the dangers inherent in ostracizing from public service men of eminence— Kimmis Hendrick

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exposed as a cheat and ostracized by his fellow officers

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To deport is to send a person out of a country of which he is not a citizen either because his presence is considered inimical to the public welfare or because he has not lawfully entered that country. It often implies return to the country of which the deported person is a citizen or subject or from which he has emigrated, especially if he is without funds to go where he chooses. To transport is to banish to a penal colony a person convicted of a crime
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convicts were transported to Australia

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To extradite is to deliver over an alleged criminal at the request of the sovereignty or state having jurisdiction to try the charge
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since no treaties existed between the Allied Control Commission and neutral states, it follows that no duty to extradite existed among the latter— Neumann

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the escaped prisoner was extradited by the State of Illinois at the request of the State of Georgia

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Analogous words: *eject, expel, oust: *exclude, debar, eliminate, shut out
Contrasted words: admit, *receive, accept: *harbor, shelter, entertain: protect, shield (see DEFEND)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Banish — Ban ish (b[a^]n [i^]sh), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Banished} (b[a^]n [i^]sht); p. pr. & vb. n. {Banishing}.] [OF. banir, F. bannir, LL. bannire, fr. OHG. bannan to summon, fr. ban ban. See {Ban} an edict, and {Finish}, v. t.] 1. To condemn to exile,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • banish — [ban′ish] vt. [ME banischen < extended stem of OFr banir < ML * bannire < Frank * bannjan, to order or prohibit under penalty < ban, akin to BAN1] 1. to exile 2. to send or put away; get rid of [to banish cares, to banish wrinkles]… …   English World dictionary

  • banish — (v.) late 14c., banischen, from banniss , extended stem of O.Fr. banir announce, proclaim; levy; forbid; banish, proclaim an outlaw, from Frankish *bannjan to order or prohibit under penalty, or from V.L. cognate *bannire (see BANDIT (Cf.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • banish — I verb abandon, ban, bar, cast out, condemn, deport, dismiss, dispel, disperse, displace, drive out, eliminate, exclude, excommunicate, exile, expatriate, expel, export, extradite, isolate, ostracize, oust, outlaw, prohibit, proscribe, reject,… …   Law dictionary

  • banish — [v] expel from place or situation ban, cast out, deport, discard, discharge, dislodge, dismiss, dispel, drive away, eject, eliminate, eradicate, evict, exclude, excommunicate, exile, expatriate, expulse, extradict, get rid of, isolate, ostracize …   New thesaurus

  • banish — ► VERB 1) make (someone) leave a place, especially as an official punishment. 2) get rid of; drive away. DERIVATIVES banishment noun. ORIGIN Old French banir …   English terms dictionary

  • banish */ — UK [ˈbænɪʃ] / US verb [transitive] Word forms banish : present tense I/you/we/they banish he/she/it banishes present participle banishing past tense banished past participle banished 1) a) to officially order someone to leave a country or region… …   English dictionary

  • banish — ban|ish [ˈbænıʃ] v [T] [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: banir] 1.) to not allow someone or something to stay in a particular place banish sb/sth from/to sth ▪ I have been banished to a distant corridor. 2.) to send someone away permanently …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • banish — [[t]bæ̱nɪʃ[/t]] banishes, banishing, banished 1) VERB If someone or something is banished from a place or area of activity, they are sent away from it and prevented from entering it. [be V ed from/to n] John was banished from England... [be V ed… …   English dictionary

  • banish — ban|ish [ bænıʃ ] verb transitive * 1. ) to officially order someone to leave a country or region as a punishment: banish from/to: a well known opponent of Stalin who was banished to Siberia a ) OFTEN HUMOROUS to make someone go somewhere else:… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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